Always ensure that you read and refer to your original equipment manufactures (OEMs) manual, for more information about your ebike. But below is everything else, you need to know about ebikes, that is not always readily available or easy to find.
An electric bike, (or eBike), is a bike equipped with a battery and electric motor which can assist with pedalling, either exclusively or via pedal assist. Offering the same ride with less exertion, an e-bike makes cycling faster, easier and much more accessible for people of all fitness levels.
When buying an electric bike, you should consider factors such as your riding needs, the bike’s battery capacity, the location of the drive system, and the bike’s overall build quality, as well as the laws and regulations in your specific area.
All electric bike incorporate various existing tech however incorporate it all seamlessly into a bike. This includes a controller, lithium-ion battery and electric motor. Additionally, some newer electric bikes have digital screens to monitor speed, battery life, assist level, and other ride statistics.
There are several types of electric bikes including mountain electric bikes, road electric bikes, fat tyre electric bikes, commuter electric bikes, hybrid electric bikes and folding electric bike, each built for different riding conditions and uses. All include different pedal options, covering pedal assist and throttle on pedalling.
Regular maintenance is crucial for both the bike and the electric components on the electric bike’s to ensure longevity, reliability and performance. This includes regular rides and use, battery / motor care and inspections, charger inspection, tyre checks, brake inspections, drive train (chain or pulley) maintenance and a professional service periodically.
Electric (eBikes) fall into three official categories based on their maximum speed and how the power assistance is activated:
- Class 1: Pedal-assist (up to 25km/h),
- Class 2: Throttle-assist (up to 25km/h), and
- Class 3: Pedal-assist (up to 45km/h) – not officially recognised in Australia.
Proper charging is necessary to maintain your eBike’s battery health, to get the longest battery life. Use the manufacturer-approved charger, avoid overcharging, and charge in a cool, dry place to prevent overheating to extend its life.
Most eBikes use lithium-ion batteries due to their light weight, high energy density, and long life expectancy. Other types include lead-acid and nickel-cadmium, though these are less common.
Safety should be paramount in owning and operating an eBike. This means always wearing a helmet, riding responsibly, and maintaining the eBike properly. In addition, battery safety is crucial to prevent any fire hazard, following manufacturer guidelines for charging and storing the battery.